The actual seed in the berry is a single, black, ovoid stone. Black Cherry - Prunus serotina - North American Insects & Spiders Black cherry, the largest of the native cherries and the only one of commercial value, is found throughout the Eastern United States. This cherry is native to eastern North America from southern Quebec and Ontario south to Texas and central Florida, with disjunct populations in Arizona and New Mexico, and in the mountains of Mexico and Guatemala. Hydrogen cyanide is released when the living parts of plant material are chewed and eaten and are toxic to both human and animal. The glycoside seems to reduce spasms in the smooth muscles lining bronchioles. Most poisoning comes from livestock eating wilted leaves, which contain more of the toxin than fresh leaves but with a diminishing of the bad taste. Prunus serotina, also commonly called wild black cherry, rum cherry, or mountain black cherry, is a woody plant species belonging to the genus Prunus. The tree has narrow corky and light, horizontal lenticels. Still, very large amounts of black cherry pose the theoretical risk of causing cyanide poisoning. The fruits are berry-like, about 3/4" in diameter, and turn black purple when ripe. The Silviculture of Black Cherry Distribution: Eastern North America. Leaf texture is glabrous (smooth) and commonly with reddish hairs along the midrib beneath and near the base (see leaf anatomy). This cherry is native to eastern North America from southern Quebec and Ontario south to Texas and central Florida, with disjunct populations in Arizona and New Mexico, and in the mountains of Mexico and Guatemala. Lenticels in black cherry are one of many vertically raised pores in the stem of a woody plant that allows gas exchange between the atmosphere and the internal tissues on the bark of a young tree. The black cherry or Prunus serotina is a species in the subgenus Padus with beautiful flower clusters, each separate flower attached by short equal stalks and called racemes. The leaves of the black cherry tree are between 4 and 8 inches in length and 2 to 4 inches across, oblong or oval in shape, shiny and finely toothed along the edges. The commercial range for a high-quality tree is found in the Allegheny Plateau of Pennsylvania, New York and West Virginia. It is also known as wild black cherry, rum cherry, and mountain black cherry. All true cherries are deciduous trees and shed their leaves before winter dormancy. The leaves, twigs, bark and seeds of black cherry produce a chemical called cyanogenic glycoside. This North American native tree usually grows to 60' but can grow as tall as 145 feet on exceptional sites. The cherry bark is dark grey but can be both smooth and scaly with reddish-brown inner bark. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Dark green in color for the growing season, the leaves change in fall, displaying shades of yellow, orange and red. This flower head is five inches long at the end of leafy twigs of the Spring season, with numerous 1/3" white flowers with five petals. The leaves are alternate in rank, simple in shape, and narrowly oval, 4 inches long with finely toothed margins. The plant displays clusters of little white flowers in spring that are showy and fragrant. Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft 3 … The flower's inflorescence (meaning the complete flower head of a plant including stems, stalks, bracts, and flowers) is very attractive. It has a very repulsive taste and that taste is one of the identifying factors of the tree. Black cherry is the most important native cherry found throughout the eastern United States. Tree Size: 50-100 ft (15-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Prunus serotina, also commonly called wild black cherry, rum cherry, or mountain black cherry, is a woody plant species belonging to the genus Prunus. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. The bark is thin and reddish brown with a surface that is relatively smooth. Interestingly enough, white-tailed deer browse seedlings and saplings without harm. You can safely taste the twig that has what has been described as a "bitter almond" taste. The cherry bark breaks into thin dark "plates" and raised edges on older wood are described as "burnt cornflakes". The bark of young trees are smooth but become fissured and scaly as the tree's trunk enlarges with age. All cherries in the landscape or forest share this floral design and often used as specimens in yards and parks. The inner bark has highly concentrated forms of the chemical but was actually used ethnobotanically in much of the Appalachian states as a cough remedy, tonic, and sedative. Scientific Name: Prunus serotina. , Bald-Faced Hornet – Dolichovespula maculata, Family Apidae – Cuckoo, Carpenter, Digger, Bumble & Honey Bees, Family Sphecidae – Thread-Waisted Wasps, Mud Daubers, Superfamily Evanioidea – Aulacids, Ensigns, and Gasteruptids, Superfamily Ichneumonoidea – Braconids & Ichneumons, Symphyta – Sawflies, Horntails, & Wood Wasps, Auchenorrhyncha – Cicadas, hoppers & allies, Sternorrhyncha – Aphids, Scales, Mealybugs, Lycaenidae – Blues, Coppers, & Hairstreaks, Superfamily Pyraloidea – Pyralid and Snout Moths, Subfamily Arctiinae – Tiger and Lichen Moths, Cupressaceae – Redwood, Cypress, Arborvitae, Juniper, Hamamelidaceae – Witch Hazel, Sweet gum, Ironwood, Hippocastanaceae – Horse-Chestnuts & Buckeyes, Family Rosaceae – Rose Family; Fruit Trees, NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY, National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees. Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) Common Name (s): Black Cherry, Cherry, American Cherry. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Most Common North American Hardwood List, 100 Most Common North American Trees: Black Cherry Tree, Identification of the Most Common Hardwoods, How to Identify Common North American Birch Trees, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, How to Identify Common North American Trees, How to Treat Gummosis, or Bleeding in Tree Bark, How to Identify a Tree by Its Leaves, Flowers, or Bark, An Introduction to the Kwanzan Cherry Tree, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Major Common Oak Species of North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. The common name black cherry is derived from the black color of the ripe fruits. The species is very aggressive and will easily spring up where seeds are dispersed.