AP U.S. History is an introductory college-level U.S. history course. Furs: the Dutch and the French competed with one another to acquire furs from the Natives. Click here for Key Concept review by Adam Norris. They depended on the labor of enslaved Africans, who often constituted the majority of the population in these areas and developed their own forms of cultural and religious autonomy. Key Concept 2.3 (A): The growth of an Atlantic economy throughout the 18th century created a shared labor market and a wide exchange of New World and European goods, as seen in the African slave trade and the shipment of products from the Americas. Sepulveda believed the only way to deal with the Native Americans was to slaughter them or to enslave them. Stono Rebellion in South Carolina killed whites and tried to escape to Florida, which promised freedom for refugees. Home > > > > > > > About Blog Contact KEY CONCEPTS Key ... KEY CONCEPTS Key Concept 2.1: Europeans developed a variety of colonization and migration patterns, influenced by different imperial goals, cultures, and the varied North American environments where they settled, and they competed with each other and American Indians for resources. APUSH KEY CONCEPTS Period 9: 1980-present Key Concept 9.1: A newly ascendant conservative movement achieved several political and policy goals during the 1980s and continued to strongly influence public discourse in the following decades. The Great Migration, the Headright System. Flashcards. Key Concepts Key Concept 1.1: As native populations migrated and settled across the vast expanse of North America over time, they developed distinct and increasingly complex societies by adapting to and transforming their diverse environments. apush. basic separation between the different European countries and different Indian tribes. We encourage the elimination of barriers that restrict access to AP for students from ethnic, racial, and Key Concept 1.3 (II A): European attempts to change American Indian beliefs and worldview on basic social issues such as religion, gender roles, and the family, and the relationship of people with the natural environment, led to the American Indian unhappiness. B) As chattel slavery became the dominant labor system in many southern colonies, new laws created a strict racial system that prohibited interracial relationships and defined the descendants of African American mothers as black and enslaved in perpetuity. Colonists, especially in British North America, expressed dissatisfaction over issues including territorial settlements, frontier defense, self-rule, and trade. The Indians strengthened their trade with the French when it came to fur, probably assuming that the French would protect them from anything that the English/US would try to do. and covert means to resist Virginia's society soon resembled England's wealthy society, "An Empire of Freedom". Key Concept 1.3 (I): European overseas expansion and sustained contacts with Africans and Natives dramatically altered European views of social, political, and economic relationships among and between white and nonwhite peoples. The battle of bunker hill: the colonists set up at the top of the hill so that by the time that the British got to them, there were sharpshooters shooting at them and they were extremely tired. Because in the southern colonies, there were harder crops to maintain, the indentured servants and slaves were needed to work the fields. This granted freedom of conscience to all Christians. family and gender systems, Land was extremely important to the colonists because the more land they had, the more room they had to grow their cash crops, therefore making more money. Economically survived using lumber and producing ships/fish. B) The British colonies experienced a gradual Anglicization over time, developing autonomous political communities based on English models with influence from intercolonial commercial ties, the emergence of a trans-Atlantic print culture, and the spread of Protestant evangelicalism. D) The colonies of the southernmost Atlantic coast and the British West Indies used long growing seasons to develop plantation economies based on exporting staple crops. It was the second of its kind to be passed within the thirteen colonies. A) All the British colonies participated to varying degrees in the Atlantic slave trade due to the abundance of land and a growing European demand for colonial goods, as well as a shortage of indentured servants. Most slaves were used for domestic tasks, the middle passage was much harder, but they were still consider to be humans, though they were not treated as such. APUSH Key Concepts. This made the colonists upset because in their minds, it placed unnecessary restrictions on imports to the colonies. Key Concept 2.2 (A): Conflicts in Europe spread to North America, as French, Dutch, British, and Spanish colonies allied, traded with, and armed American Indian groups, leading to continuing political instability. AP U.S. History Course and Exam Description This is the core document for the course. Intolerable Acts: a set of taxes/laws that Parliament placed on the colonists in return for the Boston Tea Party, whose results put them even more in debt than they were. Key Concept 2.1 (II B): The demographically, religiously, and ethnically diverse middle colonies supported a flourishing export economy based on cereal crops, while the Chesapeake colonies and North Carolina relied on the cultivation of tobacco, a labor-intensive product based on white indentured servants and African chattel. Beaver Wars: these were a series of conflicts between the Iroquois (backed by the British and the Dutch) and the Algonquian (backed by the French) when the Iroquois wanted to expand their fur trade and monopolize the fur trade of western great lakes tribes. This was helpful to the economy because the slaves helped to maintain the farms that provided goods to Europe and kept the colonists alive. A) The Chesapeake and North Carolina colonies grew prosperous exporting tobacco - a labor-intensive product initially cultivated by white, mostly male indentured servants and later by enslaved Africans. political boundaries led to military AP Equity and Access Policy College Board strongly encourages educators to make equitable access a guiding principle for their AP programs by giving all willing and academically prepared students the opportunity to participate in AP. Get Started. slavery and maintain their APUSH Unit 3 Key Concepts. Key Concept 2.2 (B): As European nations competed in North America, their colonies focused on gaming new sources of labor and on producing and acquiring commodities that were valued in Europe. Small New England farms used relatively few enslaved laborers, all port cities held significant minorities of enslaved people, and the emerging plantation systems of the Chesapeake and the southernmost Atlantic coast had large numbers of enslaved workers, while the great majority of enslaved Africans were sent to the West Indies. Home APUSH Hub > > WHAP Hub > > > > > Contact Me! This caused a bigger tear in the trading relationship. Key Concept 1.3 (B): Many Europeans developed a belief in white superiority to justify their subjugation of Africans and Natives, using several different rationales. C) Africans developed both overt They felt as though they were not only being taxed unfairly, but now they couldn't even have a variety of teas to choose from. The increasing political, economic, and cultural exchanges within the Atlantic world had a profound impact on the development of colonial societies in North America, Key Concept 2.3 (I): "Atlantic World" commercial, religious, philosophical, and political interactions among Europeans, Africans, and American Natives stimulated economic growth, expanded social networks, and reshaped labor systems. Once again, it is the triangle trade. French, Dutch, British, and Spanish colonies allied with and armed American Indian groups, who frequently sought alliances with Europeans against other Indian groups. Maryland, Virginia, New York, New Jersey, Carolinas pass law stating all slaves must serve for life.