These birds are 45 – 50 cm (18 – 20 in) long. The Black-backed Woodpecker's seemingly odd choice of habitat makes a lot of sense when you think about the bird's diet. Mating and Reproduction. Black Woodpecker Black Woodpecker. With a beak of about 2.5 inches (6.3 cm) in length, the black woodpecker’s diet consists of ants and beetles, both the adults and the larvae.The … They are found in northern Palearctic. Diet of the Woodpecker. They also forage on the ground for insects, mainly arboreal termites.These birds also include nuts, fruits, grains, and seeds in their diet. Woodpecker: Diet / Feeding & Ecological Benefits. Besides insects, it also feeds on berries and other small fruits, acorns and nuts. Both male and female woodpeckers indulge in the excavation. ... Ravens and other black birds were feared as symbols of evil or death. The diet consists predominantly of insects and grubs found in both living and dead trees and shrubs. Different species have different individual ranges. As against the Gila woodpecker, black woodpeckers are large sized birds and belong to the family of Dryocopus martius. Diet: The Black-cheeked Woodpecker feeds on insects, but will take substantial quantities of fruit and nectar. The crown is red in the male and black in the female. Next step is to make a nest at 20-15 in off the ground, on dead pine or spruce. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. The black-backed woodpecker flak off the bark of dead trees to search for insects. Outside of these areas, different Woodpecker species live in North, Central, and South America, as well as Eurasia and Africa. A post-fire forest of charred conifers attracts wood-boring beetles and their larvae, as well as other insects, providing a ready woodpecker buffet. The bird’s beak is a light gray, and the eyes are white. These birds are generally omnivores, though their diet consists primarily of insects. Some populations overlap, while others do not. What Do Ivory Billed Woodpeckers Eat (Source: Wikimedia) The main diet of the Ivory-billed woodpeckers is beetle larvae. Young birds are duller, have less white above and less red on the belly. A black woodpecker’s wingspan can reach 33 inches (84 cm). Either by emitting some harsh calls or some courtship gestures, the male and female woodpeckers mates. There is a black patch through the eys and on the cheeks, a yellow forehead, and a red nape (back of the neck). Diet The Black-backed Woodpeckers diet includes approximatley 75% of insects such as wood-boring beetles, grubs, weevils, ants, other beetles, and spiders. Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. Black woodpecker Weight is 300 – 400 g (10.6 – 14.2 oz). This eating behavior confirms that these woodpeckers are omnivores..