People have long struggled to understand personality, and numerous theories have been developed to explain how personality develops and how it influences behavior. With the use of factor analysis, Cattell reviewed and categorized a large number of traits, seeking the most basic and useful ones, and developed a scheme for classifying them. Life Data (L-data): Information about an individual's everyday behaviors and their behavioral patterns. He created a taxonomy of 16 different personality traits that could be used to describe and explain individual differences between people's personalities. Gordon Allport and His Impact on Psychology of the Personality, Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox, The sixteen personality factor questionnaire (16PF). Cattell worked with psychologist Charles Spearman, who was known for his pioneering work in statistics. Despite his scientific and mathematical expertise, Cattell's personality theory is not without its critics. You can opt-out at any time. Raymond Cattell made many contributions to psychology. Raymond Cattell is known for using factor analytic methods, rather than more subjective or qualitative methods, to explore personality traits. She never makes me feel judged despite how some of my more anxious thoughts sound. Read our, 10 Interesting Facts Psychologists Have Found About Personality, Life and Career of Psychologist Raymond Cattell, What the Trait Theory Says About How Our Personalities Are Composed, What Personality Theories in Psychology May Tell You About Yours, How Personality Influences Behavior, According to Psychology, How Self-Report Inventories Are Used in Psychology, How Cardinal Traits Are Used to Describe Someone's Personality, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: The 16 Personality Types, How Personality Traits Are Developed and Change Over Time. He refined previously established lists of personality traits and narrowed categories to simplify the descriptions of personality even further than his predecessors. The personality traits are referred to as "primary factors," of which someone can be in the "low range," or "high range." Learn More About Cattell's Theory And How You Developed Your Personality Chat With A Board-Certified Psychology Expert Online! Experimental Data (T-data): Recorded reactions to standardized experiments in a lab setting designed to test study participants’ responses to certain situations. For more information, please read our. It is also used in clinical diagnosis and to plan therapy by assessing anxiety, adjustment, and behavioral problems. Where you fall within each of the five traits is a good indicator of how you react in different situations. Unless you studied psychology in school, you most likely have not heard of Raymond Cattell. Cattel’s Trait Theory (Approach): According to Raymond Cattell, personality is a pattern of traits and that helps to understand his personality and predict his behaviour. Despite these achievements, Raymond Cattell's biggest contribution to psychology occurred after his retirement from the University of Illinois. The key to assessment is determining where on the continuum an individual falls. For example, psychologist Gordon Allport identified more than 4,000 words in the English language that could be used to describe personality traits. As a social science, much of psychological research centers on qualitative data and human experience. Cattell’s trait theory has been built around the use of factor analysis, a mathematical technique devised by Charles Spearman. His job was to make an initial assessment of each patient before their mental disorder was diagnosed by a psychiatrist. If you believe you are showing symptoms, help is just a click away. One such theory was proposed by psychologist Raymond Cattell. Chat With A Board-Certified Psychology Expert Online! The big five personality traits are: Like Cattell's original sixteen-factor personality theory, the idea behind the big five is not whether one has or does not have these traits. Raymond Cattell helped to advance this statistical method in the 1920s as a way to improve current models of measurement in psychology. Some of the earliest of these trait theories attempted to describe every single trait that might possibly exist. Psychology, Definition, And Applications. Such ambiguity also makes it difficult to study these personality traits. Cattell made a lasting impact on the field of psychology, especially in regard to personality theory. If this is something you are interested in, bring it up with a counselor. Psychometrics attempts to quantify qualities of humans. PERSONALITY TRAIT THEORY. Raymond Cattell analyzed Allport's list and whittled it down to 171 characteristics, mostly by eliminating terms that were redundant or uncommon. Interestingly, while crystallized intelligence does not impact one's fluid intelligence, a high level of fluid intelligence can have a positive impact on crystallized intelligence.