Constructivism (International Relations) For decades, the international relations theory field was comprised largely of two more dominant approaches: the theory of realism, and liberalism/pluralism. International relations discourse post-Cold War offers more various approaches in understanding the world. Constructivism theory is one of the models of the progressing emergence of international relations theory. The identity perspective first emerged in the international relations (IR) literature in the late 1980s and early 1990s as a result of two overlapping trends. Rather than diminishing other major theories, according to its holders and proponents, constructivism theory provides wider illumination a larger explanation for determining the dynamic and the function of world politics. The aim of this essay is to identify and discuss how constructivism influenced the concept of security in international relations with emphasising on the role of social elements and the extent in which constructivism has criticised the materialistic approach. Guzzini, Stefano. Largely speaking, as an extensively debated theory of international relations, constructivism has been split into two major strands, viz. Constructivism is one of the examples of the advanced development of international relations theory. Part of the International Relations in a Constructed World series, a comprehensive and well-organized collection of volumes on constructivist theory from the publisher M. E. Sharpe. “A Reconstruction of Constructivism in International Relations.” European Journal of International Relations 6.2 (June 2000): 147–182. The discipline of International Relations benefits from constructivism as it addresses issues and concepts that are neglected by mainstream theories -- especially realism. the European and the North American strands. Constructivism is an approach to education that seeks to construct knowledge through experience. Theories of International Relations. This is loosely based on the philosophy of constructivism that states that objective reality doesn't exist such that all knowledge is a human construct.The following are illustrative examples of constructivism … It focuses on the ideas of norms, the development of structures relationship as well as how identity influences the way state and actors cooperate. First, the postmodern Zeitgeist encouraged the questioning of accepted and “naturalized” categories associated with modernity. For more details on the epistemological distinction between FPA and constructivism see, David Houghton, “Reinvigorating the Study of Foreign Policy Decision Making: Toward a Constructivist Approach,” Foreign Policy Analysis 3, no. Constructivism is one of the more modern international theory that takes issue with the realist and liberal theory of anarchy in the international system. Doing so, constructivists offer alternative explanations and insights for events occurring in the social world. Instead of undermining other mainstream theories, according to its founder and supporters, constructivism gives broader enlightenment in defining the dynamic of world politics. This is a paper I wrote for my Introduction to International relations class. 1 (2007): 24-45; and Walter Carlsnaes, “Foreign Policy,” in Handbook of International Relations, ed.