Commonly encountered cases include nominative, accusative, dative and genitive. Singular Plural; Nominative: ø: ø or -u: Accusative: ø: ø or -u: Genitive-es-a: Dative-e-um . Accusative: ø-as: Genitive-es-a: Dative-e-um: Neuter . The accusative case is used for nouns that are the recipients of the action the subject completes. The nominative case refers to … Dative: Indirect object case. 4. genetive means possessive. If none of the other conditions apply, then you need to determine which noun in the sentence is the subject, and put that in nominative. A case is the function of a noun or pronoun in a sentence. Marked below in bold. dative means indirect object. still have it a bit for pronouns though (like I me mine) nominative means subject. Indirect object in the dative case: you; Accusative Case vs. Nominative Case. If so, the object will be in the dative. The names of the cases also were mostly translated from the Greek terms, such as accusativus from the Greek αἰτιατική. cases are different forms of a noun, that by their form, tell you what part of the sentence they are. Accusative: Direct object case. In the English language, there are mainly four cases. There are three cases in the modern English language; they are nominative, genitive and accusative. There are 6 distinct cases in Latin: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Ablative, and Vocative; and there are vestiges of a seventh, the Locative. The thing receiving the action. Then look for a direct object (put in accusative) and indirect object (put in dative). Marked below in italics. They are the nominative case, accusative case, dative case, and the genitive case. The nominative case is the case used for subjects completing an action. The basic descriptions that follow are also found on the pages introducing the more detailed descriptions of the cases, which you may reach by clicking the case names in the prior sentence. A role that one of those languages marks by case is often marked in English with a preposition. "There are six cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative and ablative." Is the verb a dative verb? Accusative vs Dative The key difference between accusative and dative case is what they focus on in a sentence. The thing performing the action. The thing being acted upon by the action. accusative means object. Monosyllabic neuter nouns have the null ending (ø) in the nominative and accusative plural if they are heavy-stemmed, that is, if their stem-syllable (a.k.a. This order was based on the order used by earlier Greek grammarians, with the addition of the ablative, which does not exist in Greek. To find the direct object in the accusative case, ask “What?” after the verb. Accusative and nominative are two of the cases in the English language. we don't really have that in english, at least not to the extent of latin. Nominative: Subject case.