In this case, "A" at 880hz is twice the "A" note that is at 440hz. The intervals between the two notes are written in parentheses: Open Strings: 1. LV However, tuning with a tuner will give you an equal temperament. You can tune the other chord notes until this quaver is eliminated. But at fret 25, the pitch is A that is 3 octaves above middle C. When a chord note is out of tune from the others, the whole chord will quaver and the chord will not sound consonant. With Pedal A down, engage the RR lever and tune strings 2 and 9 to match 5 and 10. (An E9 chord is spelled E G# B D# F#). 2. Once you've trained your ears to recognize Each string is picked and the tuner tells you which note is playing and how flat or sharp it is. called the "wolf interval". Tune the F# to the high F# (Uni) your vertical scales and some seldom-used chords may sound a little out of tune. But because this is mathematically impossible, we seek the closest intonation to that. then the pull rod needs to be put on a lower hole in the bell crank finger. HARMONIES, Ideally, we want our instrument to have Tune the high G to the low G (Oct) There is a somewhat standard "open" tuning. Then we tune string 4 in concert with the string 3. Tune the low Bb to low D (3rd) The SGF Store Strings & instruction for lap steel, Hawaiian and pedal steel guitars SteelGuitarShopper.com: Part of the harmonic beauty of the pedal steel sound can be attributed to the tuning system used by most steel guitarists. 3. From this principle we are ready to tune the pedal steel guitar with and without pedal and knee basis on E9 chromatic tuning. for a detailed description. Here is an outline for tuning the rest of steel guitar by ear. The most common pedal steel guitars have 10 strings, followed by Universal 12 string instruments which purport to offer the same versatility as a double 10 string instrument, 8 stringed instruments were very popular in the 1950s and 1960s, they are less popular nowadays. Every interval is equally spaced from each other in terms of vibration frequency. The tuning nuts for the pedals and knee levers are at the right end of the instrument. Tune the low G to low D (5th) the notes form a "unison interval" and are said to be in tune. This makes the raise or lower more drastic. The pedal steel guitar is usually tuned to either E9 or C6 - or both in the case of a double neck, but there are other tunings. Tune the low G to low D (5th) String 8: Tune the E to a tuner or another ins. As string 4 has no pedal or knee engage we String 2: Tune the high D# to the high G# (5th) 2. So, there's definitely a trade off whether to tune with chords or with equal temperament. String 6: Tune the low G# to the low E (3rd) you can tune your instrument by ear, which will allow you to create just intonation for each interval. When both notes are tuned to the same frequency, 440Hz in this case, When tuning by ear, the idea is to play the consonant intervals and try to eliminate the wah-wahs. required tuning some of the pedals and knee levers first and then the open strings. 2. Tune the low C# to the low F# (5th) If we’re talking standard tuning for open strings on a 6-string guitar, then they are the following: Most modern pedal steel guitars use all-pull changers and so this lesson will assume you have to tune the open strings first. If you are new to the pedal steel or if you are a guitar player wanting to learn the pedal steel this bit of information about tuning will be priceless. Note Range of the Steel Guitar. If you tighten so far that the open string pitch begins to change, Most modern pedal steel guitars use all-pull changers and so this lesson will assume you have to tune the open strings first. This mean that your different strings are not on the same frequency if you take A 440 as a reference but lightly higher, lower or equal, we call that "temperance". Steel Guitar Tunings and Copedents. In other words, you are not getting enough pull. *ABOVE: Lloyd Green, what can you say, he's my favorite pedal steel artist, bar none. Out of the three tuning methods, tuning with chords gives the closest example to just intonation on the PSG. Tune the low A to the low E (5th) You may notice the string will not raise or lower to the note you want it to. This is because their frequencies are related to each other by simple ratios. Tune the high A to the low A (Oct) Tune the C# to the low F# (5th) It is primarily used to get that old-fashioned Hawaiian or western swing sound. The most common pedal steel guitars have 10 strings, followed by Universal 12 string instruments which purport to offer the same versatility as a double 10 string instrument, 8 stringed instruments were very popular in the 1950s and 1960s, they are less popular nowadays. But many players tune it to the more or less standard C6 (CEGA) tuning, Depending on what kind of changer mechanism you have will determine whether you tune the pedals first or the open strings first. If this still does not give you enough pull, the pedal stop may be the reason. They're easy because there are no quavering out-of-sync wah-wahs when they are in tune. 1. Tune the D# to the D# on string 8 (LR Lever) (Uni). Low C# to string 10 C# (Uni) This consistency is the result of tuning adjustment based on your "frequency A reference". If you use a thicker gauge string the original and final tension of the string will be higher, However, if the lower end frequencies of the pedal steel sound muddied, boomy, or weird, while the highs sound great, then EQing the low end can make the steel track sound much better – combine this with the already great sounding highs, and we now have a solidly pleasant pedal steel sound that we … This however causes all intervals except the octaves to sound slightly flat or sharp. and the pitch of the 2nd string is lower than the 4th string. For example, the third interval, the fifth interval, The easiest way to tune the instrument is with a tuner. The 10th string is the one closest to the player. Here is the "standard" tuning and pedal assignment for the C6 neck: Most of the information on this site is for the E9 neck, exclusively. Loosening the hex nut will increase the distance between the changer finger and the bell crank finger. High C# to High G# (5th) Then tune the pedals in left-to-right order, then the knee levers from left to right. This makes some chords difficult to play. 1. The E9 neck of the steel guitar has a range that starts with an open string B that is 2 B's below middle C. the original and final tension will be lower, String 4: Tune the high E to the low E (Oct) String 9: Tune the low D to the low F# (3rd), Pedals and levers: 1. Tune the high Bb to low Bb (Oct) There are many variations on the tuning of this neck. I plan on adding more C6 info soon. However, be aware that if you tune your chords with just intonation, Tuning with dyad harmonies will also create the wolf interval. So this tuning is called the E9 tuning. Tune with harmonies. A If you still can't get all the pull you want, the problem may be with the string gauge. X It is played on the 10th string with no pedals or bar and is found here in musical notation: The highest pitch depends on how far you can move the bar up on the third string. 1. Notice in the image below that the note that vibrates at 447 Hertz has more waves squeezed together than the one at 440Hz. The easiest intervals to hear in tune are the unison, the octave, the perfect fifth, and the major third, in that order. This is probably the best way to tune the PSG in order to create just intonation. and the distance required will be higher, to move to the next pitch. Technically speaking, electronic tuners are not the most accurate tuning device. It has a ratio of 2:1. It is found here on the musical staff: This means all notes available on the steel guitar fall within this range: Some professional model pedal steel guitars have another neck on them closer to the player. If you use a thinner string you will get the opposite effect: the sixth interval and the octave all sound "consonant" when struck together. Older steel guitars, as well as some student models, The following picture shows where the open notes of the PSG are found on the keyboard for reference. Just Intonation of the E9th Pedal Steel. There are three ways to tune the PSG: They are tuned with a hex socket wrench or allen wrench. 1. It is as follows: This tuning diagram shows the steel guitar from the perspective of the player. (Uni) B Tune the high C# to the low C# (Oct) So this tuning is called the E9 tuning. CONSTRUCTION if you ever tuned a regular guitar with an electronic tuner you will know that each string is tuned with the tuner dead on that specific strings note.