2+) + (1 /m2) log ( ƒ(m) / ƒ(m°))]          (24), ƒ(m)  =   1 + (m1 + ν2m2)M3 as t/°C, t/°F or T/K as in the original; if necessary, compared to unity, the solution is called a dilute solution. 1.5.2. inorganic compounds, and Hill system for organic compounds. The Henry's Law constant has also been called the Henry coefficient. Here, the average molar mass of the solvent is. %%EOF although both sets of results were obtained by reliable methods. Other useful quantities will be defined in the prefaces to individual volumes or on specific data sheets. kg–1. 0000004523 00000 n substance in stable equilibrium. distinguish true metastability from supersaturation, where equilibrium does not 12. different but internally consistent sets of results at the same temperature, 0000075520 00000 n Relative where zi is the charge number of ion i. ordered on a given compilation sheet according to: The saturating components are arranged in order according to the IUPAC 18-column periodic table with two If more than one salt is present, the ionic strength is the only practical quantity to be used for y. International 17, No. nus– and a mixture of p non-electrolytes j, of Solubility Thermodynamic analysis of solubility phenomena provides a experimental or theoretical activity coefficients. densities are reported in the original paper, conversions from this is done in 9. a definitive assessment may not be possible. fluid-fluid and multi-component (organic-water-salt) systems are included where numerical values based on all the published data (including theses, reports and patents) for each given system. Salt effects on the Solubility of Gases, These are often reported as Sechenov (Setchenow, Setschenow) salt effect parameters y which are defined in various ways. Data are reported as tentative if formula are ordered in the following succession: Deuterated (2H) compounds follow immediately the corresponding H Sect. Data on reported miscibility gaps and upper and lower critical 1. This series is concerned primarily here, including all those publications appearing in the accompanying compilation 0000003437 00000 n the German standard9; n2. The database contains over 29,000 line positions, chemical shifts, doublet splittings, and energy separations of photoelectron and Auger-electron lines. Cvitaš, Chem. briefly. The NIST XPS Database gives access to energies of many photoelectron and Auger-electron spectral lines. 0000052729 00000 n �\�:����r�����e/�zXon�����y�qc�t�.u�v�*���-e�b�,�b;|�Yj�O�(��x�~���v�~Q�b9�@RR$�lH��sҜ�iE��֤�$�IRIz%mH[��lAڒ���iɒ>������I�<>����<>��㳈Z;Z���֎�BkGk�������Zh�h-�v�Z;Z���֎�Sq��. been critically reviewed. Regaudy, S. P. Klesney, Nomenclature of Organic 0000017374 00000 n 1987). Both these are often difficult to achieve because of a lack of which it should be used. (Strictly speaking, it is the activity of the not usually inserted as it is not intended that users should read data from the       m1(3): SI base units: mol Other useful quantities will be The general semi-empirical Sechenov equation is, kscc  =   kscα  =   The equations describing Bunsen, Kuenen, Ostwald and absorption coefficients, as well as Henry's law constants, hold for ideal gases and perfect solutions only. Bunsen coefficient, (f) Units. Abbreviations used in Chemical Abstracts are often used here to save Typical solvents and solutes include water, sea water, heavy water, inorganic compounds, and a variety of organic compounds such as hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters … mass of substance s. Mass percent of substance 1 is 100 units used in the original publication, with the exception that modern names for are appropriate to either the mixture or the solution point of view. type of apparatus used. as (1), (2), etc., as defined in the "Components" box. specified method of preparation; properties; degree of purity. p. 495. 0000037805 00000 n The solubility of a solute 1 (solid, liquid or gas) is the analytical Am. compilation of the data. concentration of solute 1 in a solution of volume V, p1: SI in the original publication and if the temperature or pressure ranges are wide trailer x�b```f``?������ Ȁ �l@Q�.���=@��u���ۻ$4{ OW+,f�Y�����q�A+'���Gm�f��v*Y����h�H�L�Cn-�b�̼tFʡU��q�AG�����9��Y�;�7d��d&%���Јh������E;� �FAAA��\�� !��x[H{ q X�$� v��3��y ��8��l �T��6�v�``��x����ݏqC�0G��Y�Y� �1lP�qnXŰA0`a�ө���0l��!� ��^��d������q9��A��[8��e�J�~� �@�a`bUf G�?\T��I�ȫ@d` �!n A solution5,6 describes a liquid or solid phase containing more than one substance, when for distinctions in nomenclature in mind when comparing equations given here with <]>> Ionic strength, investigators, the final recommended values are reported in SI units3 when the data can be In the case of multiple entries (for quantities are appropriate to the solution point of view only. Im (molality basis), or Ic (concentration basis): Im = ½ Σi mizi2           If the sum of the mole fractions of the solutes is small in Table 1 at the end of this Introduction. (Ic / c2) ksIcc, ksmm  =   Where thermodynamic name in parentheses or in a footnote) from the internal consistency of data and y1 (gases): where ns is the Typical solvents and solutes include water, sea water, heavy water, inorganic compounds, and a variety of organic compounds such as hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters and nitrogen compounds. In phase-transfer catalysis, a substance which is insoluble in an organic solvent can be made soluble by addition of a suitable ligand. 0000024678 00000 n Names originally in other than Roman alphabets are given as Prepared by: The names of all compilers are given here. 0000002965 00000 n the evaluation, with the values and sources of the densities concentrations to H�\��n�0��}���vQ%�ϱABH��b~4�\ $�iQ��~Bި3*R+}2I���y�����f����ڧ�95mݧ�彯�9���ͬ3uSݦ4��·.��߯�t޵�K�X��ǰv��w�/������:�M�f�~��g��߻�O:��f (d) Recommended values. Conversions between some pairs of these quantities can be carried out using the equations given in Table 1 at the end of this Introduction. In addition to (b) above, graphical summaries are Where possible, procedures for evaluation are based on Freiser, G. H. Nancollas, eds. Data determined 0000074903 00000 n Note again that these relations hold for ideal gaseous and perfect solution phases only. substance in metastable equilibrium that is greater.) evaluator has no doubt as to the adequacy and reliability of the applied per cent) from computer calculations based on 1989 atomic weights2. example, translations) an asterisk indicates the publication used for For a three-component 11. Mole and mass fractions experimental and computational procedures. by an inadequate method or under ill-defined conditions are rejected. Components: The format is the same as on the Compilation sheets. The solid phases of aqion are listed here in two … p. 73; C. Eisenhart, p. 69; in H. H. Ku, ed., Precision Measurement and Estimated Errors: If estimated errors were omitted There are only three boxes on a typical evaluation The relations between the mole fraction solubility and the various quantities given above are as follows. Components: Each component is listed according to The nomenclature of the IUPAC Green Book3 calls the solute Kc  = c1g/ c1          (20). IUPAC recommendations3 pressures. A database containing solubilities originally published in the IUPAC (International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry) - NIST Solubility Data Series is now available online.