We will discuss this later in this post. You can produce tints of a color by adding white and shades by adding black. In this context, value is pertinent to resale prices or insurance premiums. What Is Balance in Art and Why Does It Matter? Bonus Download: New to painting? a very helpful article for a beginner thank you!! More details here if interested. “Tonal value” makes sense but to drop the “tonal” and just retain the “value” renders it redundant. If Monet did not use accurate values and tried to differentiate the different objects using just colors, shapes and lines then it would probably look like an abstract painting with very little direction. If you want more painting tips, check out my fundamentals course. By adding black and white. How the art world values art is important because the concept of “value” is at issue in art disputes, often to calculate the measure of damages for lost, stolen or damaged artwork. Thank you for the opportunity to join in the discussion. Thanks in anticipation of an answer. Indeed, the science of optics is a fascinating branch of physics, albeit one to which visual artists typically devote little to no thought. To retain harmony in the painting, he seems to only use a limited number of hues in the painting (yellows, oranges, greens and reds). Egypt, Greece, Peru, and other countries have sought the return of significant cultural works of art taken from their lands and sold abroad in earlier centuries. Value is a much more powerful structural element in your paintings compared to the hues you use. Value is independent of its hue. Notice how  many colors in the color wheel have similar values, despite having very different hues. I go into more detail on value in my Painting Academy course. My take on the subject has not altered. I’m an art teacher and have been looking for a clear explanation for students between the terms Tone and Value for a while. These are called tints and shades. Unlike luminosity, this type of value cannot be measured. There would be little contrast between these colors despite the different hues. Value and Hue. The term ‘value’ in the context of art refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. As an element of art, value refers to the visible lightness or darkness of a color. My understanding is that tone is used more broadly, whilst value has a more narrow meaning. How we perceive the tone of an object depends on its actual surface lightness or darkness, color, and texture, the background, and lighting. It might make sense to all those younger artists who were brought up with this abbreviated slang term, but it certainly only serves to annoy those of us who were brought up with traditional meaning of ‘tone’ (and ‘tonal values’). It is widely considered to be one of the most important variables to the success of a painting, even more so than your selection of color (hue). All the colors in your painting can be placed at some point on this scale. Thank you! I have never grasped the importance of tonal values or understood why they are as or more important than hues. I instinctively understand that tone means the darkness or lightness of a colour, hue, tint or shade. In Claude Monet's painting Impression, he uses a limited range of mid values, apart from the closest boat which is considerably darker in value (this produces a very strong contrast). Value in art should be simple to understand, however the inclusion of color can make it a challenging concept to grasp. In fact, the hues you use have little importance in setting the structure of your paintings. There seems to be a lot of overlap between the 2 terms and a cause for confusion. "Value" simply refers to how light or dark an object or area is. What Is Value In Art? You could have two different colors which appear completely different, but have exactly the same value. Many artists prefer to use just a limited value range, which can promote harmony in the painting. Thanks, Dan. Value - The Element of Shadow. Once you are able to draw value, then all you need to do is incorporate color. The confusion crept in when the word ‘tonal’ in that description was lazily omitted and the word ‘value’ on its own, in isolation, became a new slang buzz word. I have now read and absorbed all the comments in the forum you provided (and noticed the vast amount of confusion created). Also, make sure to grab my free Color Theory Cheat Sheet. Value is defined as the relative lightness or darkness of a color. I’ve been looking for an explanation of what value is and what it isnt all over the Internet but after reading your article I think i finally get it. To illustrate this seeming dichotomy, refer to the May 16, 2007, Post-War and Contemporary Art Evening Sale at Christie's New York City showroom.