A few months later at Carnegie Hall, over 2,000 people gathered at a tribute to Wald that included messages delivered by the president, governor and mayor. Lillian D. Wald was the third of four children born to affluent German-Jewish parents in Cincinnati, Ohio on March 10, 1867. As a result, Lillian Wald enrolled in the New York Hospital Training School for Nurses, graduating in 1891. She was the first president of the National Organization for Public Health Nursing. She was an early leader of the Child Labor Committee, which became the National Child Labor Committee (NCLC). She became active in the labor movement and helped start the Women’s Trade Union League in 1903. She campaigned for suffrage and was a supporter of racial integration. ", Author Helen Dore Boylston describes Lillian Wald and Henry Street in her third novel Sue Barton, Visiting Nurse, where Sue Barton meets Lillian Wald in the Henry Street settlement. " Wald's personal life and focus on independence was clear in her devotion to the Settlement and improving public health. In 1914, her belief in women’s suffrage and peace led her to protest the United States’ entrance into World War I. The organization attracted the attention of prominent Jewish philanthropist Jacob Schiff, who secretly provided Wald with money to more effectively help the "poor Russian Jews" whose care she provided. Correspondence reveals that Wald felt intimate affection for at least two of her companions, homemaking author Mabel Hyde Kittredge and lawyer and theater manager Helen Arthur. She joined the Women’s Peace Party and helped organize the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.  Employment also provided women with the opportunity to gain independence from their husbands and work outside of the home. Wald believed that every New York City resident was entitled to equal and fair health care regardless of their social status, socio-economic status, race, gender, or age. Lillian D. Wald was born in 1867 into a life of privilege as the daughter of Jewish professionals living in Cincinnati, Ohio. She preferred personal independence, which allowed her to move quickly, travel freely and act boldly.  The Lillian Wald Houses on Avenue D in Manhattan were named for her. In addition to being a famous nurse, Lillian Wald was also a humanitarian, teacher, peace and civil rights activist, social worker, public health official and author. By 1893, she left medical school and started to teach a home class on nursing for poor immigrant families on New York City's Lower East Side at the Hebrew Technical School for Girls. Her father who worked as an optical dealer came from a middle class German-Jewish family of scholars and merchants while her mother had Jewish Polish and Jewish German ancestry. By 1906, the staff of Henry Street Settlement grew to 27, and by 1913, there were 92 nurses and other staff members. Wald in her nursing uniform circa 1900. (Sue Barton, Visiting Nurse (1938)), Wald was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1970. In 1909, she became a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Shortly thereafter, she began to care for sick Lower East Side residents as a visiting nurse. At her death in 1940, thousands of people from all walks of life mourned the loss of a leader. She was educated in a private school, and after abandoning a plan to attend Vassar As a civil rights activist, she insisted that all Henry Street classes be racially integrated. A rabbi conducted a memorial service at Henry Street's Neighborhood Playhouse. Before the end of her career, she received numerous awards and was recognized for her public health contributions by the New York governor, New York City mayor and President Franklin R. Roosevelt. Out of her concern for women's working conditions, she helped to found the Women's Trade Union League in 1903 and later served as a member of the executive committee of the New York City League. , Harris & Ewing/LOC hec.19537. As she gained the confidence of the people and managed to obtain financial support, her staff increased to four nurses. The Henry Street Settlement and the Visiting Nurse Service in New York City stand as living memorials to her lifelong dedication to humanitarian causes. In 1910, Wald and several colleagues went on a six-month tour of Hawaii, Japan, China, and Russia, a trip that increased her involvement in worldwide humanitarian issues. Her legacy is still seen today in the Visiting Nurses Service of New York. In her letters, she speaks with donors about the employment opportunities that are provided to women through the Settlement and the many benefits they offer. New York Hospital Training School for Nurses, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, New York Juvenile Asylum (now Children's Village), Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, "The Mystery of This Dusty Book, Signed by Amelia Earhart and Eleanor Roosevelt: A Recently Discovered Artifact Shows the Power and Influence of Lillian Wald, Who Revolutionized Social Services in New York," The New York Times, Aug. 28, 2019, "The Origins of Public Health Nursing: The Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service", "AAHN Gravesites of Prominent Nurses: Lillian D. Wald", "The MCA Hall of Fame for Great Americans Collectors Guide", "The National Women's Health Information Center", National Women's Hall of Fame profile of Lillian D. Wald, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lillian_Wald&oldid=990960521, Burials at Mount Hope Cemetery (Rochester), Hall of Fame for Great Americans inductees, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom people, American trade unionists of German descent, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using Infobox person with deprecated parameter home town, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 14:25. She also convinced Metropolitan Life Insurance Company to provide nursing insurance, and other insurance companies followed its lead. In 1889, she attended New York Hospital's School of Nursing. Around that time she coined the term "public health nurse" to describe nurses whose work is integrated into the public community.. She graduated from the New York Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1891, then took courses at the Woman's Medical College. Jacob Riis — Early Life; Riis—Muckraking Reporter; Jacob Riis and Lillian Wald; Riis — Bibliography; Elizabeth Farrell and Special Education. She was known for contributions to human rights and was the founder of American community nursing.